Nature of Leadership 3. Importance 4. Styles 5. Theories 6. Effective Leadership 7. Leader is an integral part of work and social life. In any situation, when people want to accomplish some goal, a leader is required. Leadership occurs in all formal and informal situations. In a non-formal situation, such as a group of friends, leadership behaviour occurs when one individual takes lead in most of the group activities and influences people to work towards common goals. People have to be guided to contribute to goals with zeal and confidence.
Leaders exploit human potential and transform it into output.
Leadership is a process by which a person influences others to accomplish an objective and directs the organisation to make it cohesive and coherent. It is the ability to build confidence and zeal among people and create an urge to be led. It inspires confidence and support among group members to achieve the organisational goals.
Leadership is the process by which an executive imaginatively directs, guides and influences the work of others in choosing and attaining specified goals, by mediating between individuals and the organisation in a manner that both obtain maximum satisfaction. Dynamic and effective leadership leads an organisation towards success.
Leadership : Effective And Effective Leadership
Everybody cannot be a leader. Best known managers can be ineffective leaders and poor managers can be very good leaders. Managers are different from leaders.
A person can be a good leader if he has characteristics like popularity, confidence, intelligence, social and inter-personal skills etc. Leadership style varies with the situation. A person with same traits may adopt autocratic style of leadership in one situation and democratic style in another situation. Situation plays important role in determining the style of leadership.
Leadership is different from management. While management assumes hierarchical relationship amongst individuals, leaders and followers may not be related to each other through the formal chain of command. Leadership is determined by characteristics of the leader, the team and the situations that prevail in the organisation.
Leaders are role models for their followers.
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Subordinates will not be loyal if leaders are not supportive. Leaders should cooperate with the followers if they want the followers to cooperate with them.
The followers tend to behave as they are behaved with. Leaders should set example before followers and be their ideal. People should follow him voluntarily by virtue of what he is and what he does and not because of the position. Leaders also have someone above them to whom they report. As they demand subordination from followers, they must show subordination to their leaders. Leadership is not related to business organisations only.
Wherever a person influences the behaviour of others, he exercises leadership. An educational institution, a charitable organisation, military organisation, hospital or a family at home require leadership sometime or the other.
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A person can be called a leader if he has followers. If people agree to be led and influenced by someone, that person can be called a leader. A leader derives potential to influence the behaviour of others through power. A leader can derive power from various sources. It is the power by virtue of position in the organisational hierarchy. An employee knows that his superiors have power to issue him directions. It is the power to give rewards in the form of bonus, increments, promotion etc.
It is the power to punish undesirable tasks. A salary cut or a vacation cut can enforce people conform to directions of the leaders.
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Leader enjoys this power by virtue of his expertise and skill. A tax expert, for example, can solve tax related matters of his fellow workers, superiors and subordinates. It is the power to have access to organisational information. More the information one has about the organisation structure, more is his informational power. While legitimate, coercive and reward power are relatively concrete sources of power based on objective aspects of organisational culture, referent power is abstract based on identification, loyalty and intimation.
A leader enjoys this power because of his skills and traits. People follow leaders because they like to associate themselves with them. They react favourably and behave the way leaders want them to behave. Leader enjoys this power because of connection with influential people.
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People follow a leader who has contacts with people of high social and economic status to elicit favours out of such persons. Leaders are dynamic persons who set high standards of performance. They also help the followers to achieve the targets.
There should be an atmosphere of trust and understanding between leaders and stakeholders of the company for smooth running of the business. Leaders play important role in shaping the culture and ethical agenda of the organisation. Leaders realign their organisations with employees, customers, shareholders, suppliers, regulators and the communities in which they operate. Leaders cannot operate in isolation and groups cannot do away with leaders. Leaders support their followers by assembling organisational resources and help them accomplish their tasks and meet the standards of performance.
Leaders help the followers accomplish the organisational tasks. They promote the followers to work with zeal and confidence. They make followers realize their capabilities and guide, counsel and coach them whenever necessary. This promotes morale of employees and healthy interaction amongst members of the group.
This also develops disciplined thinking in the organisation, productivity, growth and stability. The willingness, enthusiasm and confidence that leaders build in the followers for accomplishment of individual and organisational goals results in their growth and development.
No individual can work alone. Leaders develop team spirit amongst followers to work collectively and coordinate their activities with organisational activities.
A leader works as captain of the team. He develops understanding amongst followers, resolves individual and group conflicts and harmonizes individual goals with organisational goals. He creates forces of synergy and converts individual output into collective output. Leaders motivate employees to take up challenging jobs. They combine ability with willingness and drive people to action. They exploit their potential to work and convert their desire into performance.